Robbery Laws in Arizona: A.R.S. 13-1902, A.R.S. 13-1903, and A.R.S. 13-1904
Robbery involves situations where an individual takes items directly from another person against their will. Arizona law has three different classifications of robbery crimes: robbery, armed robbery, and aggravated robbery. Each has a unique set of circumstances as well as differing consequences for conviction.
Standard robbery is defined in A.R.S. 13-1902, which describes robbery as taking another person’s property from them, or their immediate presence, against their will while using force against them to either coerce the surrender of their property or to prevent any resistance to taking or retaining their property.
Robbery is a class 4 felony. First time offender can be incarcerated for up to 3.75 years.
Aggravated robbery, defined in A.R.S. 13-1903, occurs when a person committing standard robbery is aided by one or more accomplices who are actually present during the crime.
Aggravated robbery is a class 3 felony. First time offenders can be incarcerated for up to 8.75 years.
Defined in A.R.S. 13-1904, armed robbery occurs when, while committing standard robbery, a person also does any of the following:
- Is armed with a deadly weapon or a simulated deadly weapon.
- Uses or threatened to use a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument or simulated deadly weapon.
- Takes possession of, or attempts to take possession of, a deadly weapon.
Armed robbery is a class 2 felony and is considered a dangerous offense. First time offenders can be incarcerated for up to 21 years.
Robbery is similar in nature to crimes such as theft, burglary, and shoplifting, however they each have different definitions.
- Theft involves stealing another person’s property. It doesn’t require taking the property directly from another person or using force or coercion against them in order to do so as robbery does.
- Burglary crimes are often those of “breaking and entering” and don’t require anything to have actually been stolen in order for the offender to be charged.
- Shoplifting occurs when items are taken from a retail store specifically without paying for them. Shoplifting is a type of theft.
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